نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (داوری عادی)
1 دانشجوی دکتری الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد نجف آباد
2 استادیار گروه فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد نجف آباد.
3 استادیار گروه فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد نجف آباد.
عنوان مقاله [English]
As aquifers consist water resources origins, they have been taken into considerations. Aquifers’ management and proper exploitation of these resources would influence on their stability and long-life existence. However, there are some factors such as extravagant exploitation of these resources, underground water resources contamination, and so on and so forth that would lead to catastrophes of their desiccation, contamination, and impoverishment. Aiming at the statement of No Harm Rule in the fulfillment of accountability towards water resources and by utilizing a library research method and using authentic jurisprudential references, the current study has been carried out. Thus, by applying the No Harm Rule, the researchers have investigated and stated the precepts, rules, and responsibilities emanating from the damages incurred to the water resources. The viewpoint of "negating the harmful precept" was concluded in the form of a comprehensive viewpoint including imperative and positive rules as the finding of this research based on which the actions and abandoning these actions from which water resources are damaged would be deemed unlawful and subject to positive rules of warranty. On the other side, this rule enjoys a constructive and affirmative role which includes the damages resulting from the non-precept.